RYDER SYSTEM, INC. (NYSE:R) Files An 8-K Results of Operations and Financial ConditionItem 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition
On February 16, 2018, we issued a press release reporting our financial results for the three and twelve months ended December31, 2017 (the “Press Release”). We will also host a conference call and webcast on February 16, 2018 during which we will make a presentation on our financial results for the three and twelve months ended December31, 2017 (the “Presentation”). The Press Release and the Presentation are available on our website at http://investors.ryder.com.
The Press Release includes information regarding non-GAAP financial measures, as defined by SEC regulations, as well as a reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure to the nearest GAAP measure in the tables following the press release. Set forth in the table below is an explanation of each non-GAAP financial measure and why management believes that presentation of each measure provides useful information to investors:
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Operating Revenue Measures:
FMS Operating Revenue
DTS Operating Revenue
SCS Operating Revenue
FMS EBT as a % of FMS Operating Revenue
DTS EBT as a % of DTS Operating Revenue
SCS EBT as a % of SCS Operating Revenue
Operating revenue is defined as total revenue for Ryder System, Inc. or each business segment (FMS, DTS and SCS), respectively, excluding any (1) fuel and (2) subcontracted transportation. We believe operating revenue provides useful information to investors as we use it to evaluate the operating performance of our core businesses and as a measure of sales activity at the consolidated level for Ryder System, Inc., as well as for each of our business segments. We also use segment EBT as a percentage of segment operating revenue for each business segment for the same reason. Note: FMS EBT, DTS EBT and SCS EBT, our primary measures of segment performance, are not non-GAAP measures.
Fuel: We exclude FMS, DTS and SCS fuel from the calculation of our operating revenue measures, as fuel is an ancillary service that we provide our customers, which is impacted by fluctuations in market fuel prices, and the costs are largely a pass-through to our customers, resulting in minimal changes in our profitability during periods of steady market fuel prices. However, profitability may be positively or negatively impacted by rapid changes in market fuel prices during a short period of time, as customer pricing for fuel services is established based on trailing market fuel costs.
Subcontracted transportation: We also exclude subcontracted transportation from the calculation of our operating revenue measures, as these services are also typically a pass-through to our customers and, therefore, fluctuations result in minimal changes to our profitability. While our DTS and SCS business segments subcontract certain transportation services to third party providers, our FMS business segment does not engage in subcontracted transportation and, therefore, this item is not applicable to FMS.
Operating Revenue Growth Excluding Foreign Exchange
Operating revenue growth excluding foreign exchange is calculated by dividing the results for the current and prior year periods by the exchange rates in effect on December 31, 2016, which was the last day of the prior year period, rather than the actual exchange rates in effect as of December 31, 2017. Ryder's period-over-period operating revenue growth excluding foreign exchange excludes the effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates from our operating revenue financial measures. Due to the variability of foreign exchange rates from period to period, we believe operating revenue growth excluding foreign exchange is useful to investors to evaluate period-over-period operating performance.
Comparable Earnings Measures:
Comparable Earnings Before Tax (EBT)
Comparable Earnings per Diluted Common Share (EPS)
Comparable Tax Rate
Comparable EBT, comparable earnings, comparable EPS, comparable EPS forecast and comparable tax rate are defined, respectively, as GAAP EBT, earnings, EPS, EPS forecast and effective tax rate, all from continuing operations, excluding (1) non-operating pension costs and (2) any other significant items that are not representative of our business operations. We believe these comparable earnings measures provide useful information to investors and allow for better year-over-year comparison of operating performance.
Non-Operating Pension Costs: Our comparable earnings measures exclude non-operating pension costs, which include the amortization of net actuarial loss and prior service cost, interest cost and expected return on plan assets components of pension and postretirement benefit costs. We exclude non-operating pension costs because we consider these to be impacted by financial market performance and outside the operational performance of our business.
Other Significant Items: Our comparable earnings measures also exclude other significant items that are not representative of our business operations. These other significant items vary from period to period and, in some periods, there may be no such significant items. In this reporting period and comparable periods, we exclude the following other significant items from our comparable earnings measures in this Form 8-K:
(1) Restructuring charges and fees, net (in the full year of 2017 and full year of 2016). In the second quarter of 2017, we recorded restructuring credits related to the gains on sale of certain UK facilities. We also recorded consulting fees associated with a cost-savings program in the third and fourth quarter of 2017. During the fourth quarter of 2017 and 2016, we approved plans to reduce our workforce in multiple locations as a result of cost containment actions.
(2) Tax reform related adjustments, net (in the full year of 2017). In the fourth quarter of 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was signed into law. We recognized a benefit during the fourth quarter associated with the adoption of tax reform. In addition, we awarded a one-time bonus in connection with the benefit of Tax Reform to all U.S.-based non-incentive eligible employees of the Company as of December 31, 2017.
(3) Operating tax adjustment (in the full year of 2017). In the first quarter of 2017, we recorded a one-time charge related to operating tax expenses that had not been recognized in prior period earnings.
(4) Pension related adjustment (in the full year of 2017 and full year of 2016). In the third quarter of 2017, we recorded an estimated pension settlement charge for the exit from a U.S. multi-employer pension plan. In the second quarter of 2016, it was determined that certain pension benefit improvements made in 2009 were not fully reflected in our projected benefit obligation, resulting in a charge to reflect those pension benefits.
(5) Gain on sale of property (in the full year of 2017). In the fourth quarter of 2017, we recorded a gain on the sale of a SCS property.
(6) Tax law changes (in the full year of 2017). In the third quarter of 2017, the state of Illinois enacted changes to their tax system, which increased the provision for income taxes.
Calculation of comparable tax rate:The comparable provision for income taxes is computed using the same methodology as the GAAP provision for income taxes. Income tax effects of non-GAAP adjustments are calculated based on the statutory tax rates of the jurisdictions to which the non-GAAP adjustments relate.
Adjusted Return on
Adjusted ROC Spread
Adjusted ROC: Adjusted ROC is defined as adjusted net earnings divided by average adjusted total capital and represents the rate of return generated by the capital deployed in our business. The adjustments represent the comparable items described above which are excluded, as applicable, from the calculation of net earnings and average shareholder's equity (a component of average total capital).
Adjusted ROC Spread: Adjusted ROC spread is defined as the difference between adjusted ROC and the weighted average cost of capital. We use adjusted ROC and adjusted ROC spread as internal measures of how effectively we use the capital invested (borrowed or owned) in our operations.
Cash Flow Measures:
Total Cash Generated
Free Cash Flow
We consider total cash generated and free cash flow to be important measures of comparative operating performance, as our principal sources of operating liquidity are cash from operations and proceeds from the sale of revenue earning equipment.
Total Cash Generated: Total cash generated is defined as the sum of (1) net cash provided by operating activities, (2) net cash provided by the sale of revenue earning equipment, (3) net cash provided by the sale of operating property and equipment, (4) collections on direct finance leases and (5) other cash inflows from investing activities. We believe total cash generated is an important measure of total cash flows generated from our ongoing business activities.
Free Cash Flow: We refer to the net amount of cash generated from operating activities and investing activities (excluding changes in restricted cash and acquisitions) from continuing operations as “free cash flow”. We calculate free cash flow as the sum of (1) net cash provided by operating activities, (2) net cash provided by the sale of revenue earning equipment, (3) net cash provided by the sale of operating property and equipment, (4) collections on direct finance leases and (5) other cash inflows from investing activities, less (6) purchases of property and revenue earning equipment. We believe free cash flow provides investors with an important perspective on the cash available for debt service and for shareholders, after making capital investments required to support ongoing business operations. Our calculation of free cash flow may be different from the calculation used by other companies and, therefore, comparability may be limited.
Additional information regarding non-GAAP financial measures can be found in the Press Release and our most recent Form 10-K and Form 10-Q filed with the SEC.
The information in this Report, including Exhibit 99.1, is being furnished to Item 2.02 of Form 8-K and General Instruction B.2 thereunder and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, except as expressly set forth by specific reference to such filing.
Item 2.02 Regulation FD Disclosure
The Company is hosting a conference call and webcast on February 16, 2018 during which we will make a presentation on our financial results for the three and twelve months ended December31, 2017 (the Presentation). The Presentation has been made available on our website at http://investors.ryder.com.
Item 2.02(d) Exhibits
The following exhibit is furnished as part of this report on Form 8-K:
RYDER SYSTEM INC ExhibitEX-99.1 2 exhibit991form8-kq42017.htm EXHIBIT 99.1 Exhibit Exhibit 99.1News ReleaseContacts: Media: Investor Relations:Claudia Panfil Bob Brunn(305) 500-3668 (305) 500-4053Ryder Reports Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2017 Results,…To view the full exhibit click
About RYDER SYSTEM, INC. (NYSE:R)
Ryder System, Inc. is engaged in offering transportation and supply chain management solutions. The Company operates through three segments: Fleet Management Solutions (FMS), which provides full service leasing, commercial rental, contract maintenance and contract-related maintenance of trucks, tractors and trailers to customers in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom; Dedicated Transportation Solutions (DTS), which provides vehicles and drivers as part of a dedicated transportation solution in the United States, and Supply Chain Solutions (SCS), which provides supply chain solutions, including distribution and transportation services in North America and Asia. It provides purchase option for a selection of used trucks, tractors and trailers through its used vehicle sales program. It offers services to various industries, including automotive, consumer packaged goods, transportation and warehousing, retail, consumer brands, housing, and paper and publishing.