Flex Pharma, Inc. (NASDAQ:FLKS) today provided a nocturnal leg cramp (NLC) regulatory and clinical update for FLX-787, a topically-acting, selective transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channel agonist, which the Company is evaluating for the treatment of nocturnal leg cramps (NLC), multiple sclerosis (MS), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and other disorders.
- In written responses to the Company’s pre-IND meeting request received in September 2016, FDA indicated that cramp frequency “could be an acceptable primary efficacy endpoint.” FDA also recommended that the Company utilize a parallel design in a planned IND-opening study due to the potential for confounding clinical results caused by carry-over effects, unblinding and other concerns with crossover studies.
- While statistically significant results were seen in some, but not all, of the crossover endpoints, FLX-787 has shown positive signals on muscle cramping in the parallel design portion of two exploratory human proof-of-concept NLC studies. Data from these exploratory studies and a sigmoidal dose-response curve in a human electrically-induced cramp study warrant further evaluation and development of FLX-787 in subjects with NLC.
- The Company is planning a parallel design Phase 2 study in NLC to be initiated in the first half of 2017, after the IND application has been submitted and accepted.
Update on Exploratory, Proof-of-Concept Human studies:
- Exploratory NLC Study of FLX-787 oral disintegrating tablet(ODT)
In this randomized, blinded, controlled, crossover study, 72 subjects (40-79 years of age) who reported to suffer from nocturnal leg cramps at least four nights per week were enrolled at three clinical sites. After an initial two-week placebo run-in period, subjects were randomized to either 17mg ODT FLX-787 or ODT placebo for three weeks. Subjects were then crossed over to the other treatment for an additional three weeks.
Although preliminary analysis of the entire crossover data set did not demonstrate a statistically significant difference versus placebo on the pre-specified endpoints of muscle cramp frequency or cramp-free nights, a number of concerns have been identified that potentially impact data interpretation at one of the sites. When data from this site are excluded and analysis is restricted to patients from the two other sites (n=37), FLX-787 shows a strong trend on muscle cramp frequency (p=0.06) during the initial two-week parallel design of the study versus placebo as compared to baseline run-in period, despite the limited data set not being adequately powered to show statistical significance. We continue to analyze the data between the sites to determine which of the issues, if any, may be meaningful. We believe that FLX-787 was well-tolerated, with no serious adverse events reported.
- Exploratory, sequential, multiple crossover NLC Study of FLX-787 formulations
In order to help inform the optimal dose and design of the Phase 2 clinical trial expected to begin next year, the Company also conducted a sequential, multiple crossover study to generate safety and efficacy data in subjects exposed to different formulations and dosages of FLX-787. The 29 subjects in this study had participated in the prior NLC crossover study with the Company’s extract formulation. In this study of FLX-787, the subjects received liquid or ODT formulations of FLX-787 and matched placebos, in four rapidly successive crossover periods.
Muscle cramp frequency was reduced (p<0.05) at two weeks in the parallel portion of the first phase which tested 19 mg of FLX-787 in liquid formulation versus placebo. We believe this human efficacy data further supports the use of a parallel design in future studies, consistent with FDA recommendations. In the crossover data sets, efficacy (p<0.05) was generally seen for the pre-specified endpoints of muscle cramp frequency and cramp free nights in the early study arms. In the latter arms, FLX-787 did not show statistical significance versus placebo, which we believe resulted from a potential carryover effect.
- Human Dose-Ranging Efficacy Study in Electrically-Induced Cramps
In recent months, the Company has continued to evaluate FLX-787 using its electrically-induced cramp model. In a study of five subjects, an ODT formulation of FLX-787 reduced the intensity and duration of electrically-induced muscle cramps in a dose-dependent manner (p<0.05). Seven doses (0.5 , 2.5, 6, 10, 18, 32, and 60 mg) of FLX-787, representing more than a 100-fold range, showed an effect consistent with a classic sigmoidal dose response curve, with virtually no effect at the lowest doses and a maximal effect at the highest doses.
“We believe that the data sets reported here, which include efficacy signals from two exploratory NLC human efficacy studies and a clear dose-response curve in our electrically-induced human cramp model, establish the positive effects of FLX-787 on human muscle cramping,” said Flex Pharma Chief Medical Officer Thomas Wessel, M.D., Ph.D., who served as the medical lead for three products approved in the United States: Razadyne®, Lunesta® and Ampyra®.“ Over the past year we have gained important insights from these exploratory studies regarding subject characteristics, clinical endpoints, dosing and formulation that will inform our human efficacy studies moving forward. We believe the magnitude of beneficial effect found in these studies, as well as in our previously reported efficacy study, bode well for our planned Phase 2 study.”
“Having studied repeated dosing of FLX-787 in over 100 human subjects, we have an unusually extensive human safety and efficacy experience for an agent at this stage of development. We look forward to advancing our drug development efforts,” said Dr. Christoph Westphal, Flex Pharma CEO.
Data from the human studies outlined above will be presented at future medical meetings.